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The 1900 Buganda Agreement is a pivotal moment in the history of Uganda, and its impact still resonates today. The agreement was signed between the British government and the king of Buganda, Kabaka Yekka, and it established the framework for British rule in Uganda. The agreement was significant because it recognized the authority of traditional rulers, such as the Kabaka, and it laid the foundation for the British to establish indirect rule in the country.

The 1900 Buganda Agreement is made up of a series of articles, each of which outlines specific provisions that the British government agreed to uphold. Here, we will take a closer look at these articles and their significance.

Article 1: Recognition of Kabaka Yekka

Article 1 of the agreement recognized Kabaka Yekka as the king of Buganda. This was a significant acknowledgment by the British, as it affirmed the authority of traditional rulers in Uganda.

Article 2: Protection of Kabaka Yekka’s Authority

Article 2 established that the British government would protect the Kabaka’s authority and prevent any interference or attacks on his position. This provision ensured that the Kabaka could rule over Buganda without fear of external threats.

Article 3: Establishment of a British Resident

Article 3 of the agreement established the position of a British Resident in Buganda. This individual would act as the intermediary between the Kabaka and the British government, and would be responsible for ensuring that British interests were upheld in the region.

Article 4: Control of the Bugandan Military

Article 4 gave the British government control over the Bugandan military. This ensured that the British could maintain order in the region and prevent any rebellion against their rule.

Article 5: Payment of Tribute

Article 5 required the Kabaka to pay an annual tribute to the British government. This was a form of taxation that helped to finance the British administration in Uganda.

Article 6: Establishment of a British Court

Article 6 established a British court in Buganda. This court would be responsible for administering British law and resolving any disputes that arose between the British and the Bugandan people.

Article 7: Protection of Property Rights

Article 7 protected the property rights of the Bugandan people. This ensured that their land and other assets would not be seized by the British without just compensation.

Article 8: Freedom of Religion

Article 8 guaranteed the freedom of religion for all people in Buganda. This was a significant provision, as it ensured that the traditional religious practices of the Bugandan people would be respected and allowed to continue.

In conclusion, the 1900 Buganda Agreement is a historic document that established the framework for British rule in Uganda. Its provisions recognized the authority of traditional rulers, ensured the protection of property rights, and guaranteed the freedom of religion. While the agreement was not perfect, it helped to lay the foundation for future political and social developments in Uganda.